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Legal Forms of Companies

Gesellschaft mit beschrankter Haftung (GmbH): limited liability company
Number of partners: No minimum: one or more partners.
Capital (max/min): EUR 25,000 minimum with at least half fully paid up at the creation of the company.
Shareholders and liability: Liability is limited to the amount of capital contributed by all shareholders.
Aktiengesellschaft (AG): public limited company
Number of partners: No minimum: one or more partners.
Capital (max/min): EUR 50,000 minimum with at least one quarter fully paid up at the creation of the company.
Shareholders and liability: Liability is limited to the amount of capital contributed by all shareholders.
Offene Handelsgesellschaft (OHG): general partnership
Number of partners: Minimum: two; no maximum.
Capital (max/min): No minimum capital.
Shareholders and liability: Liability is joint and indefinite on the obligations and debts of the company.
Kommanditgesellschat (KG): limited joint-stock partnership
Number of partners: Minimum: two; no maximum. There are two types of partners: active partners and silent partners.
Capital (max/min): EUR 50,000.
Shareholders and liability: The liability of active partners is personal and indefinite. The liability of silent partners is limited to the amount of capital contributed.
The Competent Organisation
The Common register portal of the German federal states.
Company directories
Handelsregister, Common register portal of German Federal States
 
Setting Up a Company Germany OECD
Procedures (number) 9.0 5.2
Time (days) 8.0 9.5

Source: Doing Business, 2016

 
Business Setup Procedures
Doing Business Website, Information related to procedures to start a business in Germany
Judicial Register of the Federal States
Company Register

Find out more about Operating a Business in Germany on GlobalTrade.net, the Directory for International Trade Service Providers.

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