flag Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina: Introducció

Capital: Sarajevo


Total Population: 3,233,526
Natural Increase: -1.2%
Density: 64 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 49.8%
Population of main cities: Sarajevo (348,400); Banja Luka (135,100); Tuzia (74,500); Zenica (70,600); Mostar (60,200); Bijeljina (41,200); Brčko (39,900); Bihać (39,700)
Ethnic Origins: In Bosnia and Herzegovina the population is distributed as follows: approximately 50.11% Bosniaks, 30.78% Serbs, Croats represent about 15.43% and other origins are 3.68%. (Bosnia and Herzegovina Census Bureau)
Official Language: Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian
Other Languages Spoken: Romani (Vlax) is a language of Bosnian gypsies.
Business Language(s): English
Religion: Muslim 50.7%, Serbian Orthodox Christian 30.75%, Roman Catholic 15.19%, Agnostic or Atheist 1.1%, Others 2.26%.
Literacy Rate: 96.7%

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Sarajevo

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Bosnian Mark (BAM)

Country Overview

Area: 51,210 km²
Type of State: Bosnia and Herzegovina is a parliamentary republic.
As a 'compound' State, it is in line with the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Dayton, Paris, 1995). It consists of two entities: the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (51% of territory, majority of Croats and Bosnians) and the Republic of Srpska (49% of territory, Serbian majority). Another 'sub-entity' is the District Brcko which was the subject of disputes and international arbitrage. Thus, Bosnia and Herzegovina has two entities, plus the Brcko District.
Type of Economy: Lower-middle-income economy.
A transitional economy affected by war devastation, high unemployment, low purchasing power and a grey economy.
HDI*: 0.733/1
HDI (World Rank): 85/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Bosnia and Herzegovina, dial 00
To call Bosnia and Herzegovina, dial +387
Internet Suffix: .ba
Telephone Lines: 23.5 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 65.4 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20192020202120222023
Imports of Goods (million USD) 11,1599,87313,02915,37715,355
Exports of Goods (million USD) 6,5786,1558,6149,6749,232
Imports of Services (million USD) 7735587398981,105
Exports of Services (million USD) 2,3731,5112,3852,9823,283

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, Latest data available.


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Latest Update: April 2024

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