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Panorama econòmic

Economic indicators

For the latest updates on the key economic responses from governments to address the economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, please consult the IMF's policy tracking platform Policy Responses to COVID-19.

After becoming the 28th member state of the EU on July 1, 2013, the Croatian economy was only able to return to growth in 2015: since 2008, the country had experienced six consecutive years of economic recession, with the GDP falling by 12% (EU data). The economy was severely hit by the crisis linked to the covid-19 pandemic; however, it managed to recover and return to its pre-crisis level in 2021. GDP growth continued in 2022 (+5.9% as per the IMF estimates) thanks to a strong first half of the year on the back of domestic demand, but contracted in the third quarter (-0.4%) due to lower investment and government consumption in a context of tighter financing conditions, supply chain bottlenecks and soaring inflation. In 2023, real GDP is forecast to grow by 3.5% (IMF, 1.2%  according to the EU commission) supported by the accession of Croatia to the euro (which was adopted on 1 January) and Schengen areas, although geopolitical tensions and a weaker global environment are set to weigh on external demand. For 2024, the IMF projects growth at 3% with household consumption as the most important contributor.

Croatia's public debt stood at 72.6% of GDP in 2022, returning around its pre-COVID level, with the ratio expected to decrease further this year (68.6%) and in 2024 (65.9%). In 2022, the general government deficit was estimated at 3.4% of GDP as despite the phasing out of support measures the government adopted several packages to fight inflation and the rise in energy prices. The 2023 budget draft envisages a general government budget deficit equivalent to 2.3% of GDP. The aforementioned rise in global energy and food prices contributed to a spike in inflation, which reached 9.8% in 2022, above the euro area average (8.4%). In 2023, base effects and a steeper decline in energy and food prices than previously expected are set to lower inflation to 5.5% and 3.9% in 2024.

According to IMF estimates, unemployment decreased to 6.9% in 2022, from 8.1% one year earlier, and is expected to follow a downward trend in 2023 (6.6%) and 2024 (6.1%). Real incomes are projected to start recovering in the second half of 2023, benefiting from lower inflation and a still resilient labour market, supporting a mild increase in household consumption. Though the average revenue of Croatians is still below the European one (with an estimated GDP per capita PPP of USD 37,550 in 2022 according to the IMF), Croatia remains the second most developed economy of the Balkan region, after Slovenia.

 
GDP Indicators 20222023 (E)2024 (E)2025 (E)2026 (E)
GDP (billions USD) 70.5580.1986.3091.1896.38
GDP (constant prices, annual % change) 6.22.72.62.72.9
GDP per capita (USD) 18,30520,87622,52023,76925,050
General government balance (in % of GDP) -0.5-1.3-2.1-1.3-0.9
General government gross debt (in % of GDP) 68.863.861.860.358.5
Inflation rate (%) n/a8.64.22.52.2
Unemployment rate (% of the labor force) 6.86.35.95.65.6
Current Account (billions USD) -1.12-0.19-0.36-0.60-0.44
Current account (in % of GDP) -1.6-0.2-0.4-0.7-0.5

Font: IMF – World Economic Outlook Database, 2016

Note: (e) Estimated data

 
Monetary indicators 20162017201820192020
Croatian Kuna (HRK) - Average annual exchange rate for 1 EUR 7.247.487.417.427.55

Font: World Bank, 2015

 

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Actualitzacions: December 2023

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