flag Eritrea Eritrea: Introducció

Capital: Asmara


Total Population: 3,684,032
Natural Increase: 1.7%
Density: 30 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 42.6%
Ethnic Origins: There are nine different ethnic groups in Eritrea: Tigrinya, Bilen, Afar (also know as Dankali), Saho, Rashaida, Tigre, Kunama, Nara and Hedareb (also called T'badwe). (Ministry of Information of Eritrea)
Official Language: Tigrina
Other Languages Spoken: Tigre, Afar, Saho, Arabic, Kunama, Other Cushitic languages
Business Language(s): English
Religion: Muslim, Coptic Christian, Roman Catholic, Protestant.

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Asmara

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Eritrea Nakfa (ERN)

Country Overview

Area: 121,630 km²
Type of State: Presidential republic
Type of Economy: Low-income economy.
Heavily dependent on international aid.
HDI*: 0.391/1
HDI (World Rank): 186/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Eritrea, dial 00
To call Eritrea, dial +291
Internet Suffix: .er
Telephone Lines: 1.1 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 0.8 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 36.08% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20192020202120222023
Imports of Goods (million USD) 565569602843524
Exports of Goods (million USD) 530306489579495

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, Latest data available.


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Latest Update: May 2024

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