Finlàndia flag Finlàndia: title_atlas__2-gerer-affaire.html

title_atlas__doing-business__2-entreprise_travail.html

The Active Population in Figures

201820192020
Labour Force 2,742,6452,748,9602,765,434

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database

 
201720182019
Total activity rate 76.64%77.79%78.15%
Men activity rate 78.27%79.34%79.65%
Women activity rate 74.96%76.20%76.60%

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database

 
Employed Persons, by Occupation (% of Total Labour Force) 2015
Human health and social work activities 16.6%
Manufacturing 13.5%
Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 11.7%
Education 7.3%
Professional, scientific and technical activities 7.0%
Construction 6.9%
Transportation and storage 5.6%
Administrative and support service activities 4.4%
Information and communication 4.3%
Public administration and defence; compulsory social security 4.3%
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 4.2%
Accommodation and food service activities 3.6%
Arts, entertainment and recreation 2.5%
Financial and insurance activities 2.0%
Real estate activities 1.0%
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 0.5%
Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 0.5%
Mining and quarrying 0.2%
 
For Further Statistics
Statistics Finland
For Further Information About the Labour Market
Information on Finnish working culture

Return to top

Working Conditions

Legal Weekly Duration
Normal working hours are eight hours per day and 40 hours per week.
Retirement Age
Employees can retire with a pension between the ages of 63 and 68.
Working Contracts
Contracts can be either permanent contracts that remain valid for the time being or for a fixed term (specified in the contract). Permanent contracts (including permanent part-time contracts) represent 86% of the jobs where else the representation of fixed term contracts (including part-time fixed term contracts) is around 14%. The number of people working under fixed term contracts is growing rapidly.
Labour Laws
Consult Doing Business Website, to obtain a summary of the labor regulations that apply to local entreprises.

Return to top

Cost of Labour

Minimum Wage
There is no standard minimum wage in Finland. Minimum wages are based on collective agreements. Employer organisations to which employers are members, work together to conclude a collective agreement applicable in the sector. An employer who is not a member of the employer organisation is also required to follow the generally binding collective agreement applicable in the sector.
Average Wage
The median gross monthly salary in 2019 was EUR 3,140 (Statistics Finland, lastest available data).
Social Contributions
Social Security Contributions Paid By Employers: Pension insurance: 7.15% (8.65% for employees aged 53 to 62)
Unemployment insurance: 1.25% (1.86% for employees earning at least EUR 14,574 per annum)
Health insurance contribution: 0.68%
Social Security Contributions Paid By Employees: disease and maternity contribution: 1,58%; occupational pensions: between 6,15% and 7,65% depending on the age ; unemployment: 1,60%.

Return to top

Social Partners

Social Dialogue and Involvement of Social Partners
Unions in Finland are occupation-based. There are around 70 trade unions in Finland and they organise employees in all types of work. Finland’s three labour confederations are SAK, STTK and AKAVA. SAK represents around 1,100,000 wage-earners from industries such as manufacturing, private sectors, transport, local and state sectors.  STTK represents around 650,000 employees from industries such as nurses, engineers, police officers and secretaries. AKAVA represents around 350,000 professionals and managerial employees.
Unions
Central Organisation of Finnish Trade Unions (SAK)
Confederation of Unions for Professional and Managerial Staff in Finland (AKAVA)
Finnish Confederation of Salaried Employees (STTK)
Unionisation Rate
The level of Finnish employees’ unionisation is among the highest in the industrialised world. 69% of employees belong to a trade union in the country (OECD data).
Labour Regulation Bodies
Ministry of Economic Affairs and the Economy
The Confederation of Finnish Industries
Central Organisation of Finnish Trade Unions (SAK)
International Labour Organisation

Find out more about Operating a Business in Finland on GlobalTrade.net, the Directory for International Trade Service Providers.

Return to top

Vols fer algun comentari sobre aquest contingut? Escriu-nos.

 

© Export Entreprises SA, Tots els drets reservats.
Actualitzacions: May 2022

Return to top