Geòrgia flag Geòrgia: Visió econòmica i política

El marc polític de Geòrgia

Political Outline

Current Political Leaders
President: Salome ZOURABICHVILI (since 16 December 2018)
Prime Minister: Irakli GARIBASHVILI (since 22 February 2021)
Next Election Dates
Presidential: 2024
Parliamentary: October 2024
Main Political Parties
Georgia has a multi-party system. The major political parties are:
- Georgian Dream (coalition comprising of Democratic Georgia; Conservative Party; Industry Will Save Georgia; Republican Party of Georgia; National Forum): nationalist, pro-market, pro-west, diverse
- United National Movement (UNM): centre-right, largest opposition force, favors radical reforms and close ties with NATO and the European Union
- Free Democrats: liberal, centre, pro-European

Other parties include:

- Alliance of Patriots
- European Georgia
- Lelo
- Strategy
- Girchi
- Citizens
- Labor

Executive Power
The head of the state is the President who is elected by a popular vote for a five-year term. The President is the commander-in-chief of the armed forces and holds executive powers. The President is also the head of the Ministries of Energy and State Security; while the Prime Minister is the head of the remaining ministries. The President appoints the Cabinet of Ministers. The Georgian state is highly centralized, except for the two autonomous regions of Abkhazia and Ajara which have had special autonomous powers since Soviet rule.
Legislative Power
The legislature in Georgia is unicameral, consisting of the Supreme Council (commonly referred to as Parliament), with its 235 members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms. The government is directly or indirectly dependent on the support of the parliament, often expressed through a vote of confidence. The president cannot directly dissolve the parliament or veto its enactments without taking parliament into his confidence.
 

Indicator of Freedom of the Press

Definition:

The world rankings, published annually, measures violations of press freedom worldwide. It reflects the degree of freedom enjoyed by journalists, the media and digital citizens of each country and the means used by states to respect and uphold this freedom. Finally, a note and a position are assigned to each country. To compile this index, Reporters Without Borders (RWB) prepared a questionnaire incorporating the main criteria (44 in total) to assess the situation of press freedom in a given country. This questionnaire was sent to partner organisations,150 RWB correspondents, journalists, researchers, jurists and human rights activists. It includes every kind of direct attacks against journalists and digital citizens (murders, imprisonment, assault, threats, etc.) or against the media (censorship, confiscation, searches and harassment etc.).

World Rank:
60/180

Source: World Press Freedom Index, Reporters Without Borders

 

Indicator of Political Freedom

Definition:

The Indicator of Political Freedom provides an annual evaluation of the state of freedom in a country as experienced by individuals. The survey measures freedom according to two broad categories: political rights and civil liberties. The ratings process is based on a checklist of 10 political rights questions (on Electoral Process, Political Pluralism and Participation, Functioning of Government) and 15 civil liberties questions (on Freedom of Expression, Belief, Associational and Organizational Rights, Rule of Law, Personal Autonomy and Individual Rights). Scores are awarded to each of these questions on a scale of 0 to 4, where a score of 0 represents the smallest degree and 4 the greatest degree of rights or liberties present. The total score awarded to the political rights and civil liberties checklist determines the political rights and civil liberties rating. Each rating of 1 through 7, with 1 representing the highest and 7 the lowest level of freedom, corresponds to a range of total scores.

Ranking:
Partly Free
Political Freedom:
4/7

Political freedom in the world (interactive map)
Source: Freedom in the World Report, Freedom House

 

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Actualitzacions: April 2022

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