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El marc polític de Grècia

Political Outline

Current Political Leaders
President: Katerina Sakellaropoulou (since 13 March 2020)
Prime Minister: Kyriakos Mitsotakis (since 8 July 2019)
Next Election Dates
Presidential: February 2025
Parliamentary: July 2023
Current Political Context
The pro-business government of Kyriakos Mitsotakis continued to make efforts to improve bureaucracy, while also proceeding to liberalise some of the state-owned institutions in 2021. His centre-right New Democracy Party’s absolute majority in the parliament allows for the swift adoption of policies. The government aims at improving tax collection and expanding the tax base to allow for tax cuts such as a corporate tax rate reduction in 2022.

Diplomatic relations with Turkey have been tense, especially after the discovery of hydrocarbon reserves in the Greek archipelago. Nevertheless, during 2021 the two countries resumed talks on maritime disputes, ending a five-year hiatus.
Main Political Parties
- Coalition of the Radical Left (SYRIZA): left-wing anti-establishment, populist, anti-austerity
- New Democracy (ND): centre-right
- Movement For Change (KINAL): centre-left
- Greek Solution: right-wing, ultranationalist
- European Realistic Disobedience Front (MeRA25): left-wing
- Communist Party of Greece (KKE): Marxist-Leninist
- Panhellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK): centre-left, supports social liberalism
- Independent Greeks (AE): right-wing, anti-immigration, but economically more left and anti-austerity
- Democratic Left (DIMAR): centre-left to left-wing
- Ecologist Greens (OP): green
- Popular Orthodox Rally (LAOS): far-right
- Union Of Centrists (EK): Centrist Opposition
Executive Power
According to the Constitution, executive power is exercised by the President of the Republic and the Government. The role of the President in the executive branch has been reduced to ceremonial since 1986. The post of Prime Minister, Greece's head of government, belongs to the current leader of the political party that can obtain the confidence of a parliamentary majority. The President of the Republic formally appoints the Prime Minister and, on his or her recommendation, appoints and dismisses the other members of the Cabinet. The Prime Minister exercises vast political power and the amendment of 1986 further strengthened their position to the detriment of the President of the Republic.
Legislative Power
Legislative power is exercised by a 300-member unicameral Parliament. Statutes passed by the Parliament are promulgated by the President of the Republic. Parliamentary elections are held every four years, but the President of the Republic is required to dissolve the Parliament earlier on the proposal of the Cabinet, when faced with a national issue of exceptional importance. The President is also required to dissolve the Parliament earlier than scheduled if the opposition succeeds to pass a motion of no confidence.
 

Indicator of Freedom of the Press

Definition:

The world rankings, published annually, measures violations of press freedom worldwide. It reflects the degree of freedom enjoyed by journalists, the media and digital citizens of each country and the means used by states to respect and uphold this freedom. Finally, a note and a position are assigned to each country. To compile this index, Reporters Without Borders (RWB) prepared a questionnaire incorporating the main criteria (44 in total) to assess the situation of press freedom in a given country. This questionnaire was sent to partner organisations,150 RWB correspondents, journalists, researchers, jurists and human rights activists. It includes every kind of direct attacks against journalists and digital citizens (murders, imprisonment, assault, threats, etc.) or against the media (censorship, confiscation, searches and harassment etc.).

World Rank:
70/180

Source: World Press Freedom Index, Reporters Without Borders

 

Indicator of Political Freedom

Definition:

The Indicator of Political Freedom provides an annual evaluation of the state of freedom in a country as experienced by individuals. The survey measures freedom according to two broad categories: political rights and civil liberties. The ratings process is based on a checklist of 10 political rights questions (on Electoral Process, Political Pluralism and Participation, Functioning of Government) and 15 civil liberties questions (on Freedom of Expression, Belief, Associational and Organizational Rights, Rule of Law, Personal Autonomy and Individual Rights). Scores are awarded to each of these questions on a scale of 0 to 4, where a score of 0 represents the smallest degree and 4 the greatest degree of rights or liberties present. The total score awarded to the political rights and civil liberties checklist determines the political rights and civil liberties rating. Each rating of 1 through 7, with 1 representing the highest and 7 the lowest level of freedom, corresponds to a range of total scores.

Ranking:
Free
Political Freedom:
1/7

Political freedom in the world (interactive map)
Source: Freedom in the World Report, Freedom House

 

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Actualitzacions: May 2022

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