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The Active Population in Figures

201820192020
Labour Force 4,102,5664,159,7794,136,200

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database

 
201720182019
Total activity rate 72.46%72.41%72.18%
Men activity rate 76.02%75.28%74.77%
Women activity rate 68.90%69.53%69.58%

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database

 
Employed Persons, by Occupation (% of Total Labour Force) 2015
Education 12.5%
Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 11.5%
Manufacturing 11.5%
Human health and social work activities 10.8%
Public administration and defence; compulsory social security 10.2%
Professional, scientific and technical activities 7.1%
Construction 5.0%
Information and communication 4.9%
Accommodation and food service activities 4.2%
Administrative and support service activities 4.2%
Transportation and storage 4.1%
Financial and insurance activities 3.4%
Arts, entertainment and recreation 1.8%
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 1.0%
Real estate activities 0.8%
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 0.4%
Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 0.4%
Mining and quarrying 0.1%
 
For Further Statistics
Bureau of statistics
For Further Information About the Labour Market
Adva Centre - Information on Equality and Social Justice in Israel

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Working Conditions

Legal Weekly Duration
Maximum 45 hours per week
Retirement Age
Between 60 to 65 years for women and between 65 to 70 years for men.
Working Contracts
Employment contracts are governed by legal provisions and to a lesser extent by collective agreements. Employment contracts can be written or oral. They can be indefinite, permanent or temporary.
Labour Laws
Consult the Doing Business Website, to obtain a summary of the labour regulations that apply to local companies in Israel.

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Cost of Labour

Minimum Wage
According to Government data, the minimum wage is ILS 5,300 per month as of 2020.
Average Wage
According to data from the Central Bureau of Statistics, the average wage in 2019 was ILS 11,175 per month.
Social Contributions
Social Security Contributions Paid By Employers: Contributions paid by the employer amount to 3.55% (up to monthly income of ILS 6,331), and 7.6% on the difference between ILS 6,331 and the maximum monthly income of ILS 44,020.
Social Security Contributions Paid By Employees: Employee contributions are at standard rate, 7% for National insurance and 5% for medical insurance and at reduce rate, 0.4% for National insurance and 3.1% for medical insurance.

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Social Partners

Social Dialogue and Involvement of Social Partners
Most of unions belong to Histadrut (General Federation of Labour in Israel), or to a much smaller rival federation, the Histadrut Haovdim Haleumit (the National Labour Federation). Negotiations are carried out at the national and sectoral level.
Unions
Histadrut
Unionisation Rate
Unionisation rate in percentage of the labour market population in Israel: 15% in 2014.
Labour Regulation Bodies
Ministry of Economy and Industry

Find out more about Operating a Business in Israel on GlobalTrade.net, the Directory for International Trade Service Providers.

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Actualitzacions: May 2022

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