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The Active Population in Figures

201820192020
Labour Force 26,032,16925,787,15825,080,671

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database

 
201720182019
Total activity rate 65.49%65.71%65.82%
Men activity rate 75.07%75.23%75.14%
Women activity rate 55.97%56.23%56.53%

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database

 
Employed Persons, by Occupation (% of Total Labour Force) 2015
Manufacturing 18.3%
Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 14.2%
Human health and social work activities 8.0%
Education 6.7%
Construction 6.5%
Professional, scientific and technical activities 6.3%
Accommodation and food service activities 5.9%
Public administration and defence; compulsory social security 5.8%
Transportation and storage 4.6%
Administrative and support service activities 4.3%
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 3.8%
Financial and insurance activities 2.9%
Information and communication 2.5%
Arts, entertainment and recreation 1.3%
Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 1.1%
Real estate activities 0.6%
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 0.5%
Mining and quarrying 0.2%
 
For Further Statistics
Ministry of Labour
For Further Information About the Labour Market
National Agency for Investment Development

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Working Conditions

Legal Weekly Duration
40 hours
Retirement Age
65, with a minimum of 25 years' contribution
Working Contracts
Labour contracts are governed by legal provisions and, to a lesser extent, by collective agreements. Conditions of hiring and dismissal are quite strict.

There are open-ended contracts, fixed term contracts or contracts for specific tasks/occasional services.

Labour Laws
Doing Business: Italy, to obtain a summary of labour regulations that apply to local entreprises

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Cost of Labour

Minimum Wage
There is not a statutory minimum wage. Yet most Italian workers (nearly 80%) are actually covered by a minimum wage agreement, established through sectoral collective bargaining.
Average Wage
Average annual wage: $ 39,189 (source: OECD, 2019 - latest available data).
Social Contributions
Social Security Contributions Paid By Employers: 23.81% of income for disability, old age and survivings spouses and up to 6% of additional contributions : sickness and maternity (2.68%), unemployement (1.61%), family benefits.
Generally speaking, contributions are subject to variations depending on the professional branch, the risks, the number of employees and their professional qualifications.
Social Security Contributions Paid By Employees: Employees are subject to a 9.19% withholding tax on income, and destinated for disability, old age and surviving spouses. Self-employed individuals are taxed at 25.72%. Additional voluntary and variable contributions are also allowed.

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Find out more about Operating a Business in Italy on GlobalTrade.net, the Directory for International Trade Service Providers.

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Actualitzacions: May 2022

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