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FDI in Figures

According to UNCTAD's 2021 World Investment Report, FDI flows to Macau accounted for USD 3.5 billion in 2020, a significant drop from USD 6.7 billion in 2019, following the health economic crisis triggered by the Covid-19 pandemic. The stock of FDI was estimated at USD 47 billion in 2020. Foreign investments are mainly concentrated in the gambling and banking sectors, as well as in the tourism sector (hotel industry). The main investing countries are Hong Kong, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Mainland China, Portugal and United States.The recovery of the American market and the many infrastructure projects are currently underway (new casinos, hotels, airport extension, bridges, etc.). As a consequence, they should support FDI flow despite the negative effects of the Chinese anti-corruption policy.

Macao's liberal economy, free port status, political stability and strategic geographical position in the heart of a dynamic zone offer many attractive features to foreign investors. On the other hand, rising tensions between China and the United States could cause a reduction of investment by the three American casino operators. Macau’s economy has long been facing a dilemma between dramatic economic performance built on its casino and tourism sectors and a lack of variety in its industrial composition. Gaming-related business activities generate almost 50% of the economy's total industrial output. Tourism-related activities such as hotels, retail, restaurants and entertainment accounted for another 12-15 per cent.

In addition to gaming, Macau aspires to position itself as a regional center for incentive travel, conventions, and tourism, though to date it has experienced limited success in diversifying its economy.  In 2007, business leaders founded the American Chamber of Commerce of Macau. Macau also seeks to become a “commercial and trade cooperation service platform” between mainland China and Portuguese-speaking countries.  The government has various policies to promote these efforts and to create business opportunities for domestic and foreign investors.  Many infrastructure projects are currently underway, such as new casinos, hotels, subways, airport extension, and the Macau-Taipa 4th vehicular harbor crossing that started construction in August 2020 (ITA, 2022). A Fitch report from November 2021 stated that a large portion of inflows from Hong Kong and Macau originated from Chinese companies, which brings into question how “foreign” such direct investments are.

 

Country Comparison For the Protection of Investors

  Macao SAR, China United States Germany
 
Foreign Direct Investment 201820192020
FDI Inward Flow (million USD) 2,4976,6903,514
FDI Stock (million USD) 35,460.943,211.846,924.4

Source: UNCTAD - Latest available data

Note: * Greenfield Investments are a form of Foreign Direct Investment where a parent company starts a new venture in a foreign country by constructing new operational facilities from the ground up.

 

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Tax Rates

There is no VAT or consumption tax in Macao.
No VAT is levied in Macao.
Company Tax
From 0% to 12%
Withholding Taxes
Dividends: 0%, Interests: 0%, Royalties: 0%.
Bilateral Agreement
Macau and Spain are not bound by a Double Taxation Agreement.
Social Security Contributions Paid By Employers
MOP 60 per month per employee.
Employers must pay a foreign employee fee of MOP 200 per month for each non-resident employee.
Other Domestic Resources
Financial Services Bureau
Overview of Macao's tax measures in response to Covid-19
 
 

Individual Taxes

Individual Income Tax Progressive rate from 0% to 12%
Below MOP 144,000 0%
Between MOP 144,000 and MOP 164,000 7%
Between MOP 164,000 and MOP 184,000 8%
Between MOP 184,000 and MOP 224,000 9%
Between MOP 224,000 and MOP 304,000 10%
Between MOP 304,000 and MOP 424,000 11%
Over MOP 424,000 12%
 
 

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Investment Opportunities

Tenders, Projects and Public Procurement
Tenders Info, Tenders in Macau
DgMarket, Tenders Worldwide
Useful Resources
Trade and Investment Promotion Institute
Contact the Embassy in Spain.
Asia Trade Hub
 
 
 

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Latest Update: April 2022

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