Nigèria flag Nigèria: Visió econòmica i política

El marc polític de Nigèria

Political Outline

Current Political Leaders
President and Head of Government: Muhammadu Buhari (since 29 May 2015) - All Progressives Congress
Vice President Oluyemi "Yemi" OSINBAJO (since 29 May 2015)
Next Election Dates
Presidential election: February 2023
Parliamentary election: February 2023
Main Political Parties
High political instability often results in the postponement of elections. However, the All Progressives Congress (APC) secured a majority in the bicameral House of Representatives in March 2015. With the exception of the People's Democratic Party (PDP), political parties are generally based on tribal or regional identity rather than ideology. In 2013, several popular parties came together to form the All Progressives Congress (APC) party. Main political parties include:
- All Progressives Congress (APC): socialist
- People's Democratic Party (PDP): centre-right, typically attracts national support holding more than half of parliamentary seats
- Labour Party (LP) : centre-left
- All Progressives Grand Alliance (APGA): progressive
- Social Democratic Party (SDP): centre-left, moderate
- Accord Party (ACC): capitalism, populism
- Young Progressive Party (YPP): social democracy
Executive Power
The President of the Republic is both the Head of State and Head of Government. The President is elected by popular vote for a four-year term, renewable once.
Legislative Power
The two-chamber National Assembly consists of the Senate (109 seats: three per state plus one for the capital Abuja), whose members are elected by popular vote for a four-year term, and the House of Representatives (360 seats), whose members are also elected by popular vote for a four-year term. Each federal state has its own legislative body and a governor elected for four years by vote. The laws vary significantly among the states, particularly due to the application of Sharia law in some of the states.
 

Indicator of Freedom of the Press

Definition:

The world rankings, published annually, measures violations of press freedom worldwide. It reflects the degree of freedom enjoyed by journalists, the media and digital citizens of each country and the means used by states to respect and uphold this freedom. Finally, a note and a position are assigned to each country. To compile this index, Reporters Without Borders (RWB) prepared a questionnaire incorporating the main criteria (44 in total) to assess the situation of press freedom in a given country. This questionnaire was sent to partner organisations,150 RWB correspondents, journalists, researchers, jurists and human rights activists. It includes every kind of direct attacks against journalists and digital citizens (murders, imprisonment, assault, threats, etc.) or against the media (censorship, confiscation, searches and harassment etc.).

World Rank:
120/180
Evolution:
115/180

Source: World Press Freedom Index, Reporters Without Borders

 

Indicator of Political Freedom

Definition:

The Indicator of Political Freedom provides an annual evaluation of the state of freedom in a country as experienced by individuals. The survey measures freedom according to two broad categories: political rights and civil liberties. The ratings process is based on a checklist of 10 political rights questions (on Electoral Process, Political Pluralism and Participation, Functioning of Government) and 15 civil liberties questions (on Freedom of Expression, Belief, Associational and Organizational Rights, Rule of Law, Personal Autonomy and Individual Rights). Scores are awarded to each of these questions on a scale of 0 to 4, where a score of 0 represents the smallest degree and 4 the greatest degree of rights or liberties present. The total score awarded to the political rights and civil liberties checklist determines the political rights and civil liberties rating. Each rating of 1 through 7, with 1 representing the highest and 7 the lowest level of freedom, corresponds to a range of total scores.

Ranking:
Partly Free
Political Freedom:
4/7
Civil Liberties:
25/60

Political freedom in the world (interactive map)
Source: Freedom in the World Report, Freedom House

 

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Actualitzacions: April 2022

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