flag Poland Poland: Introducció

Capital: Warsaw


Total Population: 37,561,599
Natural Increase: -0.5%
Density: 123 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 60.1%
Population of main metropolitan areas: Warsaw (1,790,700); Krakow (779,200); Lodz (680,000); Wroclaw (642,900); Poznan (534,900); Gdansk (471,000); Szczecin (402,000); Bydgoszcz (348,200); Lublin (339,800)
Ethnic Origins: 97% Polish, 1% Silesian or other German, 2% Belarusian or Ukrainian. (Central Statistical Office)
Official Language: Polish
Other Languages Spoken: Polish belongs to the family of West Slavic languages (with Czech and Slovakian).
The most spoken foreign languages are German and English, but it is useful to know a few words of Polish to travel around the country, especially outside large urban areas.
Business Language(s): Depending on the type of company you contact, the geographical location and the sector of activity, it may be difficult to find someone who speaks English. Insufficient knowledge of English and German often makes it necessary to bring an interpreter. However, the younger generations are more likely to speak English and are studying and practicing it with increasing frequency.
Religion: Catholics 87.2%
Orthodox 1.3%
Protestants 0.4%
Others 0.4%
Unspecified 10.8%

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Warsaw

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Polish Zloty (PLN)

Country Overview

Area: 312,710 km²
Type of State: Poland (official name: Republic of Poland) is a republic based on parliamentary democracy.
Type of Economy: Upper-middle-income economy, OECD member, Ex-Transition country, Emerging Financial Market.
EU member since 2004; high GDP growth rate
HDI*: 0.843/1
HDI (World Rank): 36/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Poland, dial 00
To call Poland, dial +48
Internet Suffix: .pl
Computers: 16.9 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 16.0 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 65.0 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20192020202120222023
Imports of Goods (million USD) 265,282261,626342,075381,187370,076
Exports of Goods (million USD) 266,595273,835340,634360,542381,517
Imports of Services (million USD) 43,52240,40449,45257,02765,342
Exports of Services (million USD) 70,46566,61581,13495,379106,480

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, Latest data available.


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Latest Update: July 2024

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