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The Active Population in Figures

201820192020
Labour Force 73,825,99772,674,67071,903,592

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database

 
201720182019
Total activity rate 74.15%74.43%73.96%
Men activity rate 79.88%80.00%79.37%
Women activity rate 68.88%69.30%68.97%

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database

 
Employed Persons, by Occupation (% of Total Labour Force) 2015
Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 15.9%
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 14.3%
Accommodation and food service activities 9.5%
Professional, scientific and technical activities 9.2%
Administrative and support service activities 7.9%
Construction 7.6%
Real estate activities 7.4%
Financial and insurance activities 7.2%
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 6.5%
Public administration and defence; compulsory social security 4.3%
Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 3.2%
Transportation and storage 2.5%
Information and communication 2.2%
Manufacturing 2.1%
Mining and quarrying 0.2%
Education 0.0%
Human health and social work activities 0.0%
 

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Working Conditions

Legal Weekly Duration
40 hours a week
Retirement Age
Retirement is possible from age 55 for women and age 60 for men (after they have provided a 5 year contribution to the private sector and 15 to the public sector).
Working Contracts
A work contract is governed by legal provisions and to a lesser extent by collective agreements and individual negotiation.
Contracts can be permanent or fixed-term. The use of a fixed-term contract must be justified.
Labour Laws
Consult Doing Business Website, to obtain a summary of the labour regulations that apply to local entreprises.

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Cost of Labour

Minimum Wage
Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law the setting of Russia's minimum labor payment rate at 12,130 rubles ($195.5) beginning January 1, 2020.
Average Wage
In 2019, the average nominal salary was measured at approximately 47.9 thousand Russian rubles per month.
Social Contributions
Social Security Contributions Paid By Employers: Insurance contributions are levied on companies, individual entrepreneurs and self-employed individuals. The threshold is subject to annual revision by the Russian government. The rate is 30% withholding tax, broken down into: 22% up to the threshold (RUB 1,021,000), and 10% excess of the threshold to the State Pension Fund, 2.9% (up to RUB 815,000) to Social Insurance Fund, 5.1% to the Federal Medical Insurance Fund. For foreign employees, a withholding tax of 1.8% is payable to the Social Insurance Fund.
Social Security Contributions Paid By Employees: No mandatory contributions are payable by employees.

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Social Partners

Social Dialogue and Involvement of Social Partners
The scope of the unions is seriously limited by government policy and the position of strength of the Federation of Russian independent unions (FSIR), which is close to the government and prevents other unions from developing freely.
In addition, the new law on NGOs also applies to unions and limits their activity considerably.
Unions
Federation of Russian Independent Unions
Unionisation Rate
46% according to the FSIR (of which 95% are members of this). Membership levels are dropping.
Labour Regulation Bodies
Ministry of Labour and Social Protection

Find out more about Operating a Business in Russia on GlobalTrade.net, the Directory for International Trade Service Providers.

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Actualitzacions: May 2022

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