flag Syria Syria: Introducció

Capital: Damascus


Total Population: 22,125,249
Natural Increase: 3.7%
Density: 116 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 56.8%
Population of main cities: Aleppo (2,132,100); Damascus (1,415,000); Hims (652,600); Latakia (383,800); Hama (313,000); Raqqa (220,500); Deir ez-Zor (211,900); Al-Hasakah (188,200); Qamishli (184,300)
Ethnic Origins: Arabs about 90%; Armenians, Kurds and others about 10%.
Official Language: Arabic
Other Languages Spoken: Kurdish (spoken in the north and north east), Armenian (mainly in Aleppo), Turkish (east of the Euphrates) and Aramaic (biblical language spoken north of Damascus). French is spoken rarely, English prevails in large cities.
Business Language(s): Arabic, French and English.
Religion: Sunni Muslims 74%; Christians (Maronites, Orthodox, others) 10%; Religious communities derived from Islam: Alawites, Druzes, Ismaelians 16%; A small Jewish community (mainly in Damascus, Kamishli and Aleppo).
Literacy Rate: 80.8%

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Damascus

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Syrian Pound (SYP)

Country Overview

Area: 185,180 km²
Type of State: Syria is a republic officially based on a parliamentary democracy, although it is dominated by an authoritarian regime.
Type of Economy: Lower-middle-income economy.
A country that depends a lot on its petroleum activity. It ranks 29th in the world with production of 26 million tons. Agriculture employs 35% of the active population.
HDI*: 0.594/1
HDI (World Rank): 134/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Syria, dial 00 or +
To call Syria, dial +963
Internet Suffix: .sy
Telephone Lines: 20.9 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 24.3 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 96.26% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20192020202120222023
Imports of Goods (million USD) 5,8194,9586,1366,3917,300
Exports of Goods (million USD) 2,7304,1463,9144,3565,470

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, Latest data available.


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Latest Update: March 2024

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