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The Active Population in Figures

201820192020
Labour Force 5,789,1125,986,3155,983,843

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database

 
201720182019
Total activity rate 70.99%70.86%70.72%
Men activity rate 77.64%77.36%77.04%
Women activity rate 64.38%64.41%64.43%

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database

 

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Working Conditions

Legal Weekly Duration
The legal employment’s duration is 39 hours per week (art. 194 of the Labour Code).
A rest day per week is mandatory (generally on Sundays), and it has to consist of at least 24 consecutive hours.
Retirement Age
Age 60 (55 if prematurely aged) with at least 180 months of coverage.
Working Contracts
According to art. 50 of the Labour Code, employment contracts can be either oral or written. In case a working contract is in written, it is exempted from stamp duties.
Working contracts can be concluded for a fixed term, opened ended or for a specific task. An employment contract must be in written if it is concluded for a fixed term (maximum two years) or for a specific task (art. 59).
Labour Laws
Consult Doing Business Website, to obtain a summary of the labor regulations that apply to local entreprises. Labour Code (in French)

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Cost of Labour

Minimum Wage
There is no minimum legal salary in Chad. The interprofessional guaranteed minimum wage (salaire minimum interprofessionnel garanti - SMIG) is agreed between the trade unions and employers’ associations.
Average Wage
Salaries in Chad differ drastically between different jobs. According to Salaryexplorer.com, the median salary is around XAF 496,000.
Social Contributions
Social Security Contributions Paid By Employers: 16.5% (capped at XAF 82,500 per month)
Social Security Contributions Paid By Employees: Total of 20% of the gross salary:
Employer: 16.5% of the gross salary capped at XAF 500,000 per month;
Employee: 3.5% of the gross salary capped at XAF 500,000 per month.

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Social Partners

Social Dialogue and Involvement of Social Partners
The Chadian law provides for the right of all workers to form and join independent unions of their choice (with the exception of members of the armed forces), however all unions must be previously authorized by the Ministry of Public Security and Immigration. Approved trade unions can bargain collectively. Except for civil servants and employees of state enterprises, workers have the right to strike, provided that it is notified at least 72 hours before (imprisonment with hard labour applies for participation in an illegal strike). The labour code prohibits antiunion discrimination.
Unions
Union of Trade Unions of Chad (Union des Syndicats du Tchad)
Free Confederation of Chadian Workers (CLTT) (Confédération Libre des Travailleurs du Tchad)
Unionisation Rate
More than 90% of employees in the formal sector belong to unions (US Country Reports on Human Rights Practices).
Labour Regulation Bodies
Ministry of Public Security and Immigration

Find out more about Operating a Business in Chad on GlobalTrade.net, the Directory for International Trade Service Providers.

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Actualitzacions: April 2022

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